Gypsy, Roma and Traveller Experiences of Hate Crime in the UK and the Psychological "Ripple Effect" on Mental Health

Greenfields, Margaret and Rogers, Carol (2021) Gypsy, Roma and Traveller Experiences of Hate Crime in the UK and the Psychological "Ripple Effect" on Mental Health. In: 2021 Gypsy Lore Society Conference and Annual Meeting, 8 - 10 September 2021, Prague and online. (In Press)

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This paper will consider the findings from a pilot project undertaken in the UK between November 2019-July 2020. The aim of the study is to establish an evidence base to consider the significant anecdotal evidence highlighting the ‘ripple effect’ of experiencing hate crime on mental health. It has been suggested that repeated exposure to hate crime may be implicated in high incidences of suicide (or para-suicide) within Gypsy, Roma and Traveller (GRT) communities and to this end we were commissioned to explore self-reported experiences of hate crime and suicide or suicide ideation amongst community members. Hate crime is defined as ‘any criminal offence which is perceived, by the victim or any other person, to be motivated by hostility or prejudice towards someone based on a personal characteristic… Race hate crime can include any group defined by race, colour, nationality or ethnic or national origin, including countries within the UK, and Gypsy or Irish Travellers' (Home Office, 2018). The fact that Gypsies and Travellers are specifically named within the definition of race hate crime is perhaps indicative of the significant levels of hate crime incidents they experience. GRT individuals face everyday discrimination and hatred across all aspects of their lives, occurring in their engagement with public and private services and in their homes e.g. when living at roadside encampments. The level of public and policy concern pertaining to hate crime throughout the lifespan of GTR community members is indicated by the explicit recommendation on the need to gain further evidence and devise policy responses to such experiences, made in the report of the Government Women and Equality Committee report of 2019 (pp 64-65).

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Keywords: Roma, Mental Health, Hate Crime
Depositing User: RED Unit Admin
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2021 08:11
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2021 10:18

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