Assessing Inequalities in access to air transport services across Europe (EEA + UK + Switzerland)

Warnock-Smith, David, Christidis, Panayotis and Dziedzic, M. (2022) Assessing Inequalities in access to air transport services across Europe (EEA + UK + Switzerland). Novos. Bucks Research and Impact Journal. ISSN 2633-2868

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There has been a dearth of research specifically focussing on the extent to which inequalities in air transport access have developed and widened over time both within and between states at a sub-regional level. When dispersion effects have been examined, it has been primarily through the lens of network and spatial assessments. These assessments are useful in their own right but do not allow for the measurement and monitoring of overall disparities in levels of air transport connectivity and access by specific sub-region of residence. It is also currently difficult to gauge for any given population area, whether air transport network disparities are a simple reflection of underlying disparity in economic and social activity or not. In this study, inequality measures that are typically used within the macroeconomics domain have been applied to air transport connectivity indicators in order to help stakeholders more easily determine levels of air access inequality for any given state, region or sub-region. This data is then tempered by population data using the highest level of disaggregation possible. Europe has been selected as the case continent for this research, given that statistical data has been collated over a number of years on smaller regions and sub-regions within member states of the European Union and European Economic Area. This study has therefore been able to apply air access inequality measures to over 1,350 sub-regions across the continent (at NUTS3 level). There is also a more indepth phase to the research, that allows for more context and specific circumstances to be drawn out on a sub-sample of regions that are deemed to be the most cut-off and unequal in comparison to other sub-regions or indeed within individual countries by including further indicators of vulnerability and dependence. The baseline year is 2019 with the impact of the pandemic through 2020 being applied to the shortlist regions to see the extent to which the absolute and relative (inequality) level of access changed as a result of Covid related travel restrictions and accompanying economic downturns.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Air Transport, Service Access, Europe, EEA, UK, Switzerland
Depositing User: RED Unit Admin
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2022 11:34
Last Modified: 05 Dec 2023 13:55

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