An assessment of operational efficiencies in the UK retail sector

Yu, Wantao and Ramanathan, Ramakrishnan (2008) An assessment of operational efficiencies in the UK retail sector. International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, 36 (11). pp. 861-882. ISSN 0959-0552

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Purpose – The paper's aim is to assess performance of firms in the UK retail sector. Design/methodology/approach – Economic efficiencies of 41 retail companies working in the UK between 2000 and 2005 are examined in this study using three related methodologies: data envelopment analysis (DEA), Malmquist productivity index (MPI), a bootstrapped Tobit regression model. DEA is used to calculate technical and scale efficiencies of companies. Two outputs (turnover, profit before taxation) and three inputs (total assets, shareholders funds, and number of employees) are employed for the efficiency measurement. MPI is used to analyze the patterns of efficiency change over the six year period 2000‐2005. DEA efficiencies are then used to test important hypotheses on the impact of environmental variables, namely head office location, type of ownership, years of incorporation, legal form and retail characteristic, on the functioning of the UK retail sector using bootstrapped Tobit regression. Findings – DEA analysis has shown that only ten retail companies are considered as efficient under CRS assumption, and 16 firms under VRS assumption in 2005. MPI results have indicated that about 50 percent of retail companies have registered progress in terms of MPI during 2000 and 2005. Twenty out of 41 retail companies have adopted advanced and efficient retailing technologies during this period. Three environmental variables, namely the type of ownership, legal form and retail characteristic, have been found to play significant roles influencing retail efficiency using bootstrapped Tobit regression. Research limitations/implications – Data availability has limited the level of analysis in some parts of this study, especially in the bootstrapped Tobit regression. Originality/value – This study seems to be the first in applying productivity analysis using DEA for the UK retail sector.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Outstanding Paper Award Winner at the Literati Network Awards for Excellence 2009.
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Depositing User: ULCC Admin
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2012 15:42
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2017 19:20

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